Louis Bélanger was born in Beauport, Québec, in 1964. With Denis Chouinard, he directed his first short film, Dogmatisme ou le songe d’Adrien, while in the communications program at the Université du Québec à Montréal. It merited a special mention at the Manifestation Internationale de Vidéo in Montbéliard and won an award at the Festival International du Jeune Cinéma de Montréal.
Together, Chouinard and Bélanger went on to make two medium-length works: Le soleil et ses traces (1990) and Les 14 définitions de la pluie (1992). The latter won the award for best video at the Rendez-Vous du Cinéma Québécois. They then went on to collaborate on the scripts of Clandestins (1996) and L’ange de goudron (1999). Bélanger also made a short film, Les Galeries Wilderton (1991) with Bruno Baillargeon, which won the award for best actress at the Festival International du Jeune Cinéma, and received special mention at the Rendez-Vous du Cinéma Québécois.